Từ vựng cho IELTS speaking và writing

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Từ vựng cho IELTS speaking và writing

Mỗi ngày 8 từ vựng sử dụng nhiều nhất trong IELTS speaking + writing sẽ giúp cho các bạn có vốn từ vựng hữu ích cũng như cách vận dụng chúng trong tình huống cụ thể.

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Negate/nɪˈɡeɪt/ (Verb)

Từ đồng nghĩa

Neutralize, Cancel out

Ví dụ:

  • Efforts to expand the tourist industry could be negated by reports that the sea is highly polluted.
  • Many of these emotions energise greater effort but othersnegate effort and lead to dissatisfaction, stress and withdrawal.
  • Within a few weeks, they accrue a debt thatnegates the salary their recruiter had promised them.

Discern /dɪˈsɜːn/ (Verb)

Từ đồng nghĩa: Recognise, Identify, Distinguish

Ví dụ:

  • Officials were keen todiscern how much public support there was
  • Politicians are good atdiscerning public opinion.
  • There are many other issues where this same pattern can bediscerned.
  • Lucas claims that such a relationship can bediscerned in his data.

Procure /prəˈkjʊə $ proʊˈkjʊr/ (Verb)

Nghĩa: Acquire, Obtain

Ví dụ:

  • He was accused of procuring weapons for terrorists
  • Alice offered pamphlets and books, which she wouldprocure for him.
  • They had beenprocured in the early years of the century through a carefully orchestrated city campaign.
  • He therefore persuaded a friend toprocure him a ticket without disclosing his identity.

Nascent /ˈnæsənt/ (Adjective) 

Từ đồng nghĩa: Growing, Fledgling, Burgeoning

Ví dụ:

  • This is not to dismiss his vision as an irrelevance in the forging of a nascent science
  • The tribute may sound fulsome, but Jack showed exceptional appreciation of nascent ability.
  • We hope their nascent industry would lead to a new era of renewable energy.

Launder /ˈlɔːndə/ (Verb) [transitive]

Collocations:

  • Launder money/ profits
  • Money laundering

Ví dụ:

  • He was jailed for laundering drug money.
  • Jack worked with foreign banks to launder drug profit.
  • Thompson began a six-year sentence for money laundering earlier this year.
  • However, Mike was unable to spend the money and needed it laundered.

Momentous /məʊˈmentəs/ (Adjective)

Từ đồng nghĩa: Essential, Vital, Crucial, Key, Important

Collocations:

  • Noun: momentous change/ decision/ event/ occasion

Ví dụ:

  • In the physical sciences alone, there were momentous changes
  • We stand on the brink of two momentous decisions at Maastricht.
  • All were momentous events that will never be forgotten, least of all by the men and women who fought in them.
  • His colleagues’ all recognised that this was a momentous occasion.

Panic /ˈpænɪk/ (Noun)

Từ đồng nghĩa: fear, terror, fright, alarm, foreboding, phobia

Collocations:

VERBS:

  • cause panic
  • feel panic
  • get into a panic
  • throw/send somebody into a panic
  • panic breaks out (starts among a group of people)
  • panic sets in (starts)
  • panic ensues (formal: happens after something else happens)
  • panic rises within somebody (someone starts to feel panic)
  • panic spreads (starts to affect more people in more places)

ADJECTIVES:

  • a big/huge panic
  • growing/ mounting/ rising panic (increasing panic)
  • total/ sheer panic
  • blind panic (a very strong feeling of fear)
  • sudden panic
  • mild panic (a slight feeling of panic)
  • momentary panic (panic that does not last long)

PHRASES:

  • a state of panic
  • a sense/ feeling of panic
  • a wave/ surge of panic  (a feeling of panic that you suddenly have)
  • a panic attack

Ví dụ:

  • He felt a mild panic
  • Suddenly, everything went dark and panic broke out.
  • Before panic could set in, she realised that the clock was fast.
  • Panic ensued as people ran out of the burning building.
  • She felt panic rising within her.
  • Panic spread as  news of the invasion reached Paris
  • Her momentary panic faded.
  • She was in a constant state of panic that he would carry out his threat

Fathom /ˈfæðəm/ (Verb)

Từ đồng nghĩa:

  • Grasp
  • Make sense of something
  • Understand
  • Conclude

Collocations:

ADVERBS:

Fathom how/ out/ why/ where etc

VERBS:

Try  to fathom

Ví dụ:

  • It is difficult tofathom how these slings are knotted and connected
  • Fortunately, in trying tofathom out what happened next we have the advantage of the known laws of science.
  • He couldn’tfathom why she was so anxious that no one else should know of his interest in her.
  • She watched him for several moments, then looked about the large dining-room, trying tofathom the reason for his actions.
  • I still can’tfathom out what she meant.

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