Business and money một chủ đề rất quen thuộc trong bài thi IELTS. Còn gì tuyệt vời khi ở bài viết này mình sẽ chia sẻ cho các bạn đang luyện thi IELTS 30 từ vựng/ cụm từ nói về chủ đề này. Mỗi từ đều có nghĩa và ví dụ thực tế để bạn học cung như hiểu rõ nhất từng từ.
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- To take somethinginto consideration/ account
Meaning: to consider or remember something when judging a situation
Example: No business will succeed if it fails to take the needs of customers into account/into consideration.
- To break into a market
Meaning: to enter a market with the connotation that entrance to the industry was difficult.
Example: It is difficult to break into the market for designer sportswear because there is too much competition from leading brands like Nike.
- To keep someone’s word
Meaning: to uphold one’s promise; to do as one says
Example: I lent him a lot of money, so I hope that he keeps his word and repays the loan.
- To reach a consensus
Meaning: to come to an agreement
Example: The directors of the company have reached a consensus on the new business plan.
- To make the most of something
Meaning: to make something appear as good as possible; to exploit something; to get as much out of something as is possible.
Example: They designed the advertisements to make the most of the product’s features.
- To go out of business
Meaning: if a company goes out of business, it stops doing business permanently, especially because it has failed
Meaning: If we sold food at those prices we’d soon go out of business.
- To do market research
Meaning: to collect information about what people buy and why
Example: Advertising companies do a lot of market research before they design promotion campaigns.
- To make cutbacks
Meaning: to decrease, to reduce
Example: The company made cutbacks at their stores in New Yorkand many employees were dismissed.
- To manage expectations
Meaning: Seek to prevent disappointment by establishing in advance what can realistically be achieved or delivered by a project, undertaking, course of action, etc.
Example: the company needs to manage the expectations of investors by presenting a realistic figure for next year’s estimated profits.
- To make a calculation
Meaning: to assess a situation and figure out (or guess) the outcome
Example: We cannot make a precise calculation of the price until we have all the costs.
- To pay in arrears
Meaning: refers to making a payment to a supplier later than the terms of the arrangement under which goods or services were purchased from the supplier.
Example: The company pays one month in arrearsto all its suppliers and employees.
- To buy at auction
Meaning: to buy something at a usually public sale of goods or property, where
people make higher and higher bids (= offers of money) for each thing, until the thing is sold to the person who will pay most
Example: Buying a property at an auction can be a nerve-wracking or exhilerating experience.
- To squander a chance/ savings
Meaning: to waste money or supplies, or to waste opportunities by not using them to your advantage
Example: James squandered all his savings in an unsuccessful business venture to sell ice cream in Alaska.
- Overhead cost
Meaning: refers to regular costs required to run a business, such as rent, electricity, wages etc
Example: An increase in rents in the shopping mall increased the overhead costs of all the shops which operated there.
- A takeover
Meaning: an act of taking over a company by buying its shares
Example: Sony made a successful takeover of the broadcasting company CBS.
- A merger
Meaning: the action of joining two or more businesses into one
Example: The directors of Kentucky Fried Chicken and Burger King are considering a merger of the two companies.
- A heavy workload
Meaning: having many tasks to perform
Example: Many employees of the company take time off work because of illness and stress due to the heavy workload.
Meaning: something that somebody gives you [usually money] because they have hurt you or damaged something that you own
Example: I received a large sum of money as compensation for the injury which I sustained at work.
Meaning: the money that a government receives from taxes or which a company receives from its business
Example: The tax revenues of the government have fallen as a result of the economic crisis.
Meaning: working in an office, not a factory
Example: The insurance company is offering some white-collar jobs if you want to apply.
Meaning: connected with people who do physical work in industry
Example: He’s a blue-collar worker in a car factory.
- To run your own business
Meaning: to have a business which you own
Example: I was tired of working for other people, so I decided to run my own business.
- To earn a living
Meaning: to earn money
Example: I used to earn a living as a teacher, but now I sell used cars.
Meaning: money paid to an employee on a regular monthly or weekly basis for theirwork
Example: Although my salary is low/wages are low, I get a lot of satisfaction from my job.
Meaning: Money that you make in business buying and selling things
Example: She made a lot of profit from the sale of her valuable furniture.
Meaning: a company or business
Example: They plan to open a new enterprise, renting cars.
Meaning: a very large company or business
Example: The Applecorporation made huge profits last year.
Meaning: a large amount of money that is used to start or to run a business
Example: It is difficult to start a new business if the bank will not lend you some capital.
- Pension scheme
Meaning: a system in which you and your employer pay money regularly into a fund, to use when you retire from work
Example: One of the benefits of working for a big corporation is that such large companies usually provide a good pension scheme.
Meaning: without a job because there is no more work available for you in a company
Example: During the recent economic crisis, more and more workers are being made redundant.
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